The 17th Century is a pivotal moment in Spanish history. Spain retains a position of near supremacy, but decline is on the way. King Felipe III and King Felipe IV prove themselves incapable of maintaining the momentum of Spain’s rise to stardom. They rely heavily on their personal favorite advisors known as “Validos” whose decisions and policies aren’t always in the best interest of the country, and they pay a heavy price for it. Listen and learn more. Enjoy!

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